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高三英语名词性从句测试题及答案

时间:2015-10-22 23:26来源:未知 作者:暗夜 点击:
本文精心为教师们整理了关于高三英语名词性从句测试题及答案,希望通过文的阅读,能使大家在以后的教学中起到更重的作用。

本文精心为教师们整理了关于高三英语名词性从句测试题及答案,希望通过文的阅读,能使大家在以后的教学中起到更重的作用。

高三英语名词性从句测试题及答案

一、试题解析

名词性从甸包括主语从旬,表语从句、宴语从旬和同位语从旬。其关联词有连接词the:、if、whether;连接代词who、what、which;连接副坷whan、where、h呻、why等。

(一)主语从句类

1.____makes this shop different is that it offersmore personal services. (辽宁卷)

A What R Who C Whatever D.Whatever

【解析】本题空白处应该填一个引导主语从句的连词,is是系动词,that引导表语从句,根据前半句的古义,答案应为A项(what“…的事情/地方”),who的含义为“谁”,whatever的含义是“无论什么”,whoever的含义是“无论谁”,均不符合题意。

2.____is 0ne belief that improvements inhealth care wiII lead to a stronger,more prosperious economy.(浙江卷)

A As R What C This n It

【艇析】本题空白处应该填一个形式主语,代替that引导的主语从句,is是系动词.one belief是表语,that引导真正的主语从句。结构为Itis十n+thatdause所以普寰为D项。

【相关知识点】

①主语M句在句中做主语,它可以放在主句滑语之前,但多数情况下由n作形式主语,而把主语从句放在主句之后。引导主语从旬的连词有:hat、whether、who、what、whish、when、wbere、bow、why等。

例如:

I What he need is more time

2 Where she has gone is a mystery.

②主语从句常用作形式主语,注意下列常用句型:It is/was十n/adj/v pn+主语从句eg

1 It is strange that he should like him.

2 lt 十is unknown whether my dass will win the game.

3 It is still a question which team will win the game.

③列结构也较常用It is well—known/said/reported/proved/turned out/happened that/It hasbeen found out that…:It must be pointed out that…:Itdoesn’t matter whether /It makes no difference whether”等。

(二)表语从句类

1.See the flag on the top of the building?Thatwe did this morning.(全国卷I)

A when B.which C.where D.what

【解析】 本题空白处应该填一个引导表语从句的连词(因为was是系动词),再根据后半句意义(“我们今天早上所做的事情"),所以答案为D项(what的为“……的事情")。when是“什么时候",which是“哪一个",where是“哪里",均不符合题意。

【相关知识点】

①表语从句位于系动词之后,由that引导,起连接作用的that有时可省略。引导表语从句的词还有whether,as if;代词who,what,which;副词when,where,how,why等。如:The fact iS that she never liked him.The question is who can complete teh dificult task. .

②用because引导的表语从句仅限于以下—个句型:

This/That/it is because…eg:

I think it’S because you’re doing too much.

The reason…that(不用because)+句子。例如:

The reason why he was 1ate iS that he was late is that he was ill.

④表语从句不能用if引导,但可用as if引导。例如:It looks aS if it is going to clear up.

(三)宾语从句类

1.一What did your parents think about your de—cision?

一They always let me do I think I should.(全国卷II)

A.when B.that C.how D.what

【解析】本题空白处应该填一个引导宾语从句的连词(做do的宾语),I think是插入语,根据前半句的含义,should后省略一个do,所以答案为D项(what的含义为“…的事情")。

2.一Could you do me a favor?

一It depends on___it is.(北京卷)

A.which B.whichever C.what D.whatever

(解析) 本题空白处应该填一个引导宾语从句的连词(做介词on的宾语),按照语境,答案为C项(what的含义为“什么”/“什么事情”)。

3.I just wonder___that makes him so excited(山东卷)

A why it does B.what he does

C.how it iS D. what it is

(解析) 本题空白处应该填一个引导宾语从句的连词(wonder的宾语),从A、B、C、D选项中可以看出本宾语从句是一个强调结构,疑问句为:what/why/who/when/where/how was/is that…?而在本句中作wonder的宾语,应用陈述句排列,再根据整句话的含义,答案为D项(含义为:我想知道就是什么事情使他如此的兴奋)。

4.We haven’t settled the question Of____it isnecessary for him tO study abroad.(江苏卷)

A.if a whereC.whether n that

(解析) 本题空白处应该填一个引导宾语从句的连词(做介词of的宾语),根据整句话的含义,答案为C项(“是否”),A项if也为“是否”,但介词后不能用if引导宾语从句。而that无中文含义。where"哪里”也不符合题意。

5.With his work completed,the businessmanstepped back tO his seat,feeling pleased____hewas a man Of action.(湖南卷)

A which B.that C.what n whether

(解析) 本题空白处应填一个引导宾语从句的连词(feeling pleased是系表结构,系表构成谓语,所以后面仍然是宾语从句),根据后半句含义已经完整,故答案为B项,因为that无中文含义,which引导宾语从句时是“哪一个”,what是“…酌事情”等,whether是“是否”。均不符合题意。

【相关知识点】

①宾语从句在句中作及物动词或介词的宾语。引导宾语从句的连词有that,whether,if,who,whose,what,which,when,where,how,Why等。

例如:

1.Do you know what they are doing?

2.It is a matter of who will hold the position.

②如果主句的谓语是及物动词find/feel/think/consider/make等,则可把宾语从句置于宾语补足语之后,用it作为形式宾语。例如:

He makes it a rule that he gets llp early and goes to

bed early.

③某些作表语的形容词(如sure,happy,glad,certain,pleased等)之后也可带宾语从句。例如;

I am certain that he will succeed.

注意点:宾语从句应用陈述句排列,即:引导词+主语+谓语+其它成分。例如:

1 wonder whether he will succeed in passing theexam.(正确)1 wonder whether will he succeed in pass—ing the exam.(错误)

(四)同位语从句类

1.一It’S thirty years since we last met.

——But I still remember the story,believe it ornot,____we got lost on a rainy night.(四川卷)

A which B.that C.what D. when

【解析】 本句空白处应该填一个引导同位语从句的连词,进一步说明the story的内容,believe it ornot是插入语。再根据后半句,含义已完整,所以答案为B项。which不能引导同位语从句,what的含义为“……的事情",when为“什么时候",均不符合题意。

2.There iS much chanceBill will recover from his injury in time for therace.(天津卷)

A.that B.which C.until D.if

【解析】本句空白处应该填一个引导同位语从句的连词,进一步说明chance(可能性)的内容,再根据后半句,意义已完整,所以答案为A项。which不能引导同位语从句,until的含义为“直到…为止",if是“假如"。均不符合题意。

3.A warm thought suddenly came to me______might use the pocket money to buy some flowers formy mother’S birthday.(安徽卷)

A.if B.when C.that D.which

【解析】本句空白处应该填一个引导同位语从句的连词,进一步说明thought的内容,再根据后半句,意义已完整,所以答案为C项。本句为分隔式同位语从句,目的是为了避免头重脚轻,原来的语序为:

A warm thought that I might use the pocket moneyto buy some flowe~for my mother’s birthday suddenlycame to me.

4.Nobody believed his reason for being absentfrom the class____he had to meet his uncle at theairport.(重庆卷)

A.why B. that C.where D. because

【解析】本句空白处应该填一个引导同位语从句的连词,进一步说明reason的内容,再根据后半句,意义已完整,所以答案为B项。本句也为分隔式同位语从句,若把for being absent from the classreason隔开放到最后的话,会产生歧义。why是“为什么”,where是“哪里”,because是“因为”,均不符合题意。

【相关知识点】

①同位语从句跟在名词后面,进一步说明该名词的具体内容,或对该名词作进一步解释。可跟同位语从句的通常是一些具有一定内容含义的名词。常见的有news,fact,idea,opinion,promise,problem,reason,hope,conclusion,truth等。连接词用that(不用which),when,where,why,how.whether,what等。例如:

He has no idea what was the matter with him.

The news that his class got the first prize in the relay—is true.

②同位语从句有时不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面(分隔式同位语从句)例如:

1.An idea occurred to him that he might do the experiment again.

2.Information has been put forward that HI(K~middle school graduates will be admitted into university.(2001上海卷)

这里,要强调一下同位语从句与定语从句的区别:

1、从意义上看,同位语从句是名词性从句,是对一个名词加以补充说明,而定语从句是形容词性,是对一个名词加以修饰和限定。

2、从结构上看,同位语从句是由连接词引导,连接词虽在从句中不充当任何成分,但不可省略。而定语从句中的关系代词代替先行词,并在从句中充当成分(主语或宾语),充当宾语时常可省略。例如:

The news(that)he told Ine is really encouraging.

(定语从句)

The news that our team has won the game is reallyencouraging.(同位语从句)

二、应试策略简介

学生应该:1、善于自己发现语法错误,从错误中学习;2、有意识地熟记、归纳语法规则;3、在理解的基础上学语法,避免重复错误;4、通过大量阅读学语法;5、持之以恒,不操之过急。

教师应该:1、注意语法教学的趣味性;2、在操练中教语法,在交际中用语法;3、注意归纳法与演绎法的结合运用;4、突出重点,精讲易懂;5、利用图表讲解语法;6、注意标点符号的教学;7、注重句型练习;8、注意英语语法的变化。

这就是我们精心为大家准备的高三英语名词性从句测试题及答案,希望对大家有所帮助!

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