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时间:2015-10-22 23:14来源:未知 作者:暗夜 点击:



1. In 1951, the then director of the Guinness Brewery, Sir Hugh Beaver, wanted to settle an argument about the fastest bird in Europe. 1951年,当时吉尼斯啤酒厂的厂长毕伟休先生很想解决欧洲哪一种鸟飞的最快这一争论。

① settle: vt. 解决;处理

e.g. I’d like to get it settled today while we’re at it. 既然我们大家都关注这件事, 我很想今天就把他解决了。

② argument: n. 辩论;争论

e.g. They got into quite a heated argument.他们进行了十分热烈的争论。

2. Instead, the editors of the book set down the records and keep track of them in other ways. 然而,本书的编辑们会写下该纪录,随后设法跟踪了解它们。

① set down写下; 放下; 让下车; 规定

e.g. I’ll set down one or two points while they are fresh in my mind. 趁我记忆犹新我得写下一两个要点。

② keep track of (继续)了解…的情况; 记住…的情况

e.g. Mr. Steven kept track of his business by telephone when he was in hospital. 史蒂芬先生住院期间,通过电话了解他的生意。

3. The records are put into different categories. 纪录被分为两类。

① category: n. [C] 类(属); 范畴

e.g. Helen groups all people into two categories: those she likes and those she dislikes. 海轮把人们分为两类:一类是她喜欢的,一类是她不喜欢的。

4. And there are also strange records, like the Englishman who balanced a small car weighing 159.6 kilograms on his head for thirty-three seconds! 也会有些奇怪的纪录,譬如,一个英国人曾头顶159.6 公斤的一个小汽车坚持了33秒。

① balance: vt.&vi. 保持平衡;使平衡

e.g. In order to balance their trade, they would have to buy less goods in the United States. 为了让他们的贸易保持平衡,他们将必须减少购买美国的货物。

② weighing 159.6 kilograms on his head for thirty-three seconds! 现在分词短语做定语。

5. Among the brilliant athletic achievements, a few records stand out because of the moving life stories behind them. 在非常优秀的运动员的成绩档案里, 有几个纪录是由于这些成绩的后面那动人的生命故事而引人注目的。

① stand out: 显得突出; 显眼; 引人注目

e.g. your red pullover really stands out in that photograph. 你的红毛衣在那张照片中非常显眼。

② because of 由于

e.g. He realized that she was crying because of what he had said. 他意识到她是因为他所说的话而在哭泣。

③ moving: adj. 动人的; 感人的

e.g. The beggar told her such a moving story that she almost wept. 乞丐讲述了一个几乎令她流泪的动人的故事。

6. Impressive as the record is, it fades next to the story of Armstrong’s struggle against disease. 尽管这纪录给人流下了非常深刻的印象,但是与阿姆斯特朗同疾病斗争的故事比起来它就变的黯然失色了。

① as: conj. 尽管; 虽说:引导让步状语从句,注意该句型要倒装。

e.g. Intelligent as she was, she had not much insight. 尽管她很聪明,但是她没有多少洞察力。

② fade: vi. 退色; 逐渐消失:

e.g. As evening came the coastline faded into darkness. 随着夜幕的降临,海岸线消失在黑暗中。

7. He went on to set the speed record and achieve his goal of winning the Tour de France six times in a row in 2004. 他继续创造着世界纪录,并且在2004年他连续6次实现了他的目标:赢得了环法大赛冠军。

① achieve: vt. 取得(胜利,成就); 实现(目标,目的等)

e.g. Nothing would stop me from achieving my ambition. 没有任何事情会阻止我去实现我的目标。

② in a row 一个接一个地; 连续不断

e.g. The children stood in a row in front of the row of chairs. 孩子们一个接一个地站在那排椅子的前面。

8. Part of the reason for our interest is probably the same curiosity that led Sir Hugh to write The Guinness Book of World Records in the first place. 最初可能正是我们兴趣中那一部分好奇心促使休先生开始写这本吉尼斯世界纪录一书的。

① let sb. to do 使得某人做某事

e.g. The news leads me to believe that they will come.这则消息让我相信他们会回来的。

② in the first place (用于列举理由等时)首先;第一;原先

e.g. The thing for me to have done was to have married her to him in the first place. 对我来说所做的一件事就是首先把她许配给了他。

9. We want to know what is possible and find out just how far we can push ourselves. 我们想知道什么是可能的,也想弄明白我们的极限是多远。

① find out 了解; 弄清楚

e.g. We must find out the truth of the matter. 我们必须弄明白事情的真相。

One morning the baby found out for the first time that she could walk. 一天早上,婴儿第一次发现她会走了。

command n. an order; the act of commanding 命令;指挥

The policeman gave the command to stop. 警察下令停下。

n. ability to control; mastery 控制;精通

He has a good command of English. 他英语掌握得很好。

vt. order; control 命令;指挥;控制

The policeman commanded the car to stop. 警察命令汽车停下。

set sail (from/to/for) on a voyage 启航;扬帆

The liner set sail for New York at 8:30. 轮船在八时半启航开往纽约。

royal adj. of or relating to a monarch. 王室的;皇家的

a royal family/palace 王室/宫 a royal house 皇家

embassy n.[c] place where embassy people live and work 大使馆

To go to the United States, you must get a visa at the U.S. embassy.


zebra n.[c] an African mammal related to the horse and having dark stripes on a light body 斑马

The zebra is a kind of horse that lives in Africa. 斑马是生活在非洲的一种马。

in return in exchange 作为回报

She presented me a dictionary in return. 她送给我一本词典作为答谢。

symbolic adj. of, relating to, or expressed by means of symbols or a symbol象征的;符号的

The dove is symbolic of peace. 鸽子象征和平。

symbolic language 符号语言

volunteer n. someone who volunteers to do a job or to join the army 自愿者

That man is a volunteer fireman in this town. 那个人是这个镇里的志愿消防队员。

v. offer to do a job that is unpleasant, difficult, or dangerous 自愿从事

Two men volunteered to search for the missing climber.


radium n. a chemical element that gives off rays 镭

Radioactivity is a special quality of radium. 放射性是镭的一种特性。

sum n. an amount obtained as a result of adding numbers 总数;和

Eleven is the sum of six and five. 十一是六加五的和。

n. amount of money一笔(金额)

He paid a large sum for the house. 他出一笔巨款买了这所房子。

dam n.[c] a barrier constructed across a waterway to control the flow or raise the level of water 水坝;堤

There are several dams across the Huai River. 淮河上有几座水闸。

bring up look after and educate children, etc 教养;培养

I was brought up by my aunt. 我是我姑姑抚养成人的。

introduce to notice or consideration, mention 提出

Why don't you bring this up at the meeting? 你何不在会上提出这个问题?

horizon n. line where the earth or sea seems to meet the sky 地平线

The sun sank below the horizon. 太阳落到地平线以下了。

navigation n. the act of navigating; the passage of ships, etc. over the sea, etc. 航行;航海;航空

aerial navigation 空中航行;航空 ocean navigation 远洋航行

Korea n. peninsula in east Asia, extending south from northeast China 朝鲜;韩国

suggest vt. give someone an idea; say that something will be possible 建议;提议 I suggested that we (should) hold a meeting tonight. 我提议我们今晚开个会。

vt. bring to mind 使人想起;暗示

Smoke suggests fire. 有烟就有火。

accomplish vt. finish something; complete; carry out 完成;实现

You have accomplished a purpose. 你达到了目的。

apart from prep. with the exception of; besides 除…外;除…外还

Apart from the cost, it will take a lot of time. 除了费钱以外,还要花很多时间。

sickness n.[u] the condition of being sick; illness 疾病

Viruses and germs cause most sicknesses. 病毒与细菌引起大部分的疾病。

n.[u] be overcome by a feeling of sickness 恶心

unable adj. not able to do something不能的;不会的;无能为力的

He was unable to walk. 他不能走。

the Himalayas n. 喜马拉雅山脉

sacred adj. of god or religion; holy神圣的

A church is a sacred building. 教堂是一个神圣的处所。

Sherpa n. 夏尔巴人(西藏的一种族)

Tibet n. 西藏

honesty n. the condition or quality of being honest; freedom from deceit or cheating


(prov.) Honesty is the best policy. (谚)诚实为上策。

dedication n.[u] the act of dedicating奉献

His dedication to teaching gained the respect of his students.


n.[c] words used in dedicating a book or other work 题献;献词

The book's dedication reads "To Mother". 本书献词写道:"献给母亲"。

ideal adj. very best, exactly right 完美的;理想的

This place is ideal for a picnic. 这个地方野餐最理想。

refer vi. speak about something 谈到;涉及;所指

This is not the dictionary which I referred to. 这不是我所指的那本词典。

vt. hand over to (someone) for a decision; send or direct to (someone or something) for help or action 呈交;提交

We refer the question to them. 我们把这个问题提交他们处理。

refer to 提到

Don't refer to that problem again, please. 请不要再提那个问题了。

run out become exhausted or used up; come to the end of a supply, etc. 被用完;耗完

The aircraft will run out of fuel in another hour. 飞机再过一小时燃料就将用完。

technological adj. 技术的

technological development 科学技术的发展

aircraft n. machine that flies; aeroplane; helicopter 飞行器;飞机

arise vi. happen; start发生;产生 (arose; arisen)

How did the quarrel arise? 争吵是怎样发生的?

vi. move upward; ascend 向上;上升

When I started off, the sun was arising. 我出发时太阳正在升起。

evidence n.[u] proof; something that shows what has happened and why it has happened 证据;证明

There is no evidence that he is guilty. 没有证据证明他有罪。

chairman n. the person who is in charge of meeting 主席;董事长

chairman of the meeting 会议主席 a bank board chairman 银行董事长

praise vt. say that something or someone is good表扬;称赞

The teacher praised Tom for his homework. 教员表扬汤姆的家庭作业做得好。

n. the act of saying that a person or a thing is good, words expressing admiration, applause

赞美;称赞 He had a lot of praise for Tom's work. 他十分称赞汤姆的工作。

Christopher Columbus [XkristRfR kRXlVmbRs] 克里斯托佛·哥伦布(西班牙航海家)

Marco Polo [XmQkRu XpRulRu] 马可·波罗(意大利旅行家)

Ceylon n. 锡兰(现称斯里兰卡)